Engineering Education Discourses on Underrepresentation: Why Problematization Matters
|Title||Engineering Education Discourses on Underrepresentation: Why Problematization Matters|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Secondary Title||International Journal of Engineering Education|
|Keywords||discourse, diversity, gender, gender experiences, problematization, students, underrepresentation, women, women in engineering, workforce|
Despite decades of research on and efforts to increase the low numbers of women in engineering in many parts of the world, underrepresentation persists. This paper analyzes recent engineering education scholarship to determine what reasons are given to explain why underrepresentation is a problem, in other words, how underrepresentation is problematized. Using discourse analysis as the theoretical lens, and drawing on prior research that employed similar methods and theoretical perspectives, this paper examines an international dataset of engineering education journal articles and conference proceedings from 1995-2008. Four categories of problematizations are identified and discussed in order to advance critical reflection that could be beneficial in moving forward discussions about underrepresentation.